Common Cat Diseases Pet Parents Should Know About

Find out which common cat diseases all pet parents should be familiar with.


  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC): This form of skin cancer caused by sun exposure is usually found on the head or neck
  • Lymphoma / Lymphosarcoma (LSA): LSA is linked to feline leukemia virus (FeLV) which can be prevented through vaccination

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Diabetes is caused by a lack of insulin (one of the hormones produced and discharged from glands of the endocrine system), or an inadequate response to insulin. Diabetes in turn can lead to hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) which can cause more health problems when left untreated.


  • Rabies: Fortunately the UK is rabies-free, but cats should be vaccinated before travelling
  • Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV): This virus causes AIDS-like symptoms in cats and the immunosuppressive effects make cats vulnerable to fatal secondary infections
  • Feline Leukemia Virus (FelV): This common, deadly feline disease is caused by a retrovirus and can lead to blood disorders, a weakened immune system and cancer


  • Various Intestinal Worms: Infestations can be dangerous for cats and humans
  • Heartworms: These harmful internal parasites are spread through the bite of an infected mosquito and primarily causes lung disease in cats. They’re not found in the UK, but infection is a risk for cats travelling abroad

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  • Upper Respiratory Infections: Bacteria and viruses can infect the nose, throat and sinus areas
  • Ringworm: A contagious fungal infection that humans can get as well which is indicated by circular bald patches, rash or redness and crusty skin

Skin Problems

  • Abscess
  • Stud tail
  • Ear mites
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Psychogenic alopecia
  • Flea allergy dermatitis
  • Food allergy dermatitis

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Eye Conditions

  • Cataracts
  • Infections
  • Glaucoma
  • Corneal ulcers

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Discuss common cat diseases and how they can be prevented or managed with your veterinarian.

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